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In the trailer, Minu’s experiences as a nepalese migrant worker in Korea are written down and expressed through music. Because of this, music plays an essential role in the fight for migrant justice as music serves to unify migrant workers through their shared experiences and struggles. In the trailer, Minu sings songs such as Payday which describes his overwhelming joy in receiving his hard earned wage. Songs such as these tell the listener about the hard conditions that migrant workers have to endure through just to survive in Korean society. Thus, Minu’s music causes listeners to be empathetic to the cause of migrant workers in Korea, which further advances the fight for migrant justice. Minu’s experience in Korea mirrors that of Chinese shopkeepers in Jamaica in that in both Korea and Jamaica, new music was created through the work of immigrants.


In his article The Work of Waiting: Love and Money in Korean Transnational Migration, June Hee Kwon addresses the work of waiting, which Chinese spouses engage in when their other half goes off to work in another country, in this case, Korea. However, despite the increased opportunities in Korea for the Chinese, many “Korean Chinese have, during the past two decades,
considered South Korea both an inaccessible homeland and also, paradoxically, a land of opportunity.” (Kwon, pg. 482) Due to the hostility that existed to Korean Chinese immigrant workers, it would be best for Korea to look at their immigration policy…


During the Battle of Okinawa, many Okinawan women found refuge in large, familial tombs that were available in close proximities to their homes. After the Battle of Okinawa, the United States government wished to rent the land that the historical tombs rested on. However, much to the surprise of the United States government, the female Okinawan farmers priced the land very high, exceeding 108 million yen. (Matsumura, pg. 157, 2020) The trauma and physical destruction that was brought to Okinawa during the battle caused the female Okinawan farmers to place much importance on the familial tombs that provided protection and…


Hi Mia, I love your insight on reggae and its function as a cultural production. I feel that reggae is a very important example of art that has the ability to unite and strengthen a group of people, specifically the Jamaican people, who find great pride in this unique form of music.


Hi Xirui, I agree with your belief that cultural productions are important for people who are oppressed by a hegemonic group. In the case of the Koreans, I feel that the literature of the 1919 Declaration helped to put in precise words the pain that they felt from Japan's treatment. Thus, the literature served the essential role of uniting Koreans under a single creed in opposition to Imperial Japan.


Over the course of human history, specifically American history in this case, cultural productions such as music and art have helped to communicate the struggles of histroically marginilized groups and humanize them in the eyes of the majority. An example of such art would be hip-hop music in the 1990s. The 1990s were a tumultuous time in American history in that, much like today, there was much racial tension between the West Coast African American community and the predominantly white police officers who frequently abused such marginalized racial groups. Hip-hop artists such as Tupac Shakur and Ice Cube frequently addressed…


Okinawans were often labelled as being spies or traitors to Imperial Japan during World War 2. This would lead to widespread resentment of Japan by the Okinawans during the Battle of Okinawa. Ichiro Tomiyama, in his article “‘Spy’: Mobilization and Identity in Wartime Okinawa”, states that the Okinawan language was used by Okinawan soldiers to communicate their struggles during war and that “…the Okinawan speech and resentment of the battlefield must be understood as a ground from which Okinawans reject the surveillance and violence of capitalist society” (Tomiyama, 2000, pg. 131). By being labelled as spies by their country of…


Ken Kawashima describes the Soaikai’s role as the preventative police in that even though they were technically supposed to be a welfare organization, the state allowed them to perform certain roles that were designated to police only at first. Kawashima also describes how Koreans were viewed as unruly and deserving of extra policing by organizations such as the Soaikai in order to ensure peace in Japan (Kawashima, 2009). I believe that Kawashima focuses on the suppression of Koreans by the Soaikai in order to emphasize the racist motivations behind the policing of Koreans as they were stereotyped to be more…


After reading the 1919 Declaration and the article by Shin, I personally feel that Koreans felt the need to take direct action against Japanese colonial rule due to the many years of oppression they faced under the colonial government. In the Declaration of Independece written in March 1, 1919 by Korean activists, it is stated that Korea “[has] suffered the agony of alien suppression for a decade, becoming a victim of the policies of aggression and coercion…” (pg. 1) Although Shin mentions specific instances of violent conflict between the Koreans and the Japanese colonial government, I feel that those specific…


I feel that both writers developed their political views on China outside of the country as their travels enabled them to communicate with different people and opened their minds to the ideas and beliefs of the diaspora. For example, with Liang, he developed his belief that the mainland and Diaspora China should unite through his interactions with the Hawaiian Chinese (pg. 71) Growing up as a Korean person in the United States, most of the Korean people I interacted with were part of the diaspora and very few were actually from mainland South Korea. Thus, my experiences in the United…

Nathan Oh

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